Cardiology

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New research suggests some statin drugs may cause memory impairment. A team led by scientists at the University of Bristol in the UK tested two commonly prescribed statins in rats and found one, but not the other, reduced performance of working and recognition memory. They write about their findings in a recent online issue of the journal PLOS ONE.

Disease

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High blood sugar can lead to dehydration, dry skin, and inflammation. Skin complications usually occur when blood sugar levels are too high, and they are often the first visible sign of diabetes. An estimated one-third of people with diabetes experience skin conditions either related to or influenced by the condition.

Medical practice

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The adrenal glands are located on top of the kidneys. They produce hormones, but when this process is disrupted, it can cause Addison's disease. Addison's disease, or adrenal insufficiency, occurs when the outer layer of the adrenal glands are damaged. Most commonly, it is caused by the immune system attacking the glands as if they were harmful bacteria or viruses.

Other

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A new study in CMAJ reports that school-based physical activity has positive health effects on children, although it does not improve body mass index (BMI). Increasing rates in childhood obesity has become a public health issue. Obesity in children has more than tripled in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and across Europe since 1970, resulting in an increase in coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and other obesity-related diseases.

Psychiatry

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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), when they screened U.S. adults for depression, they found that 1 in 10 reported that they were currently depressed. It is a condition that adversely affects people, even more than most people realize. Depression can involve much more than just feeling sad; it can also undermine your ability to manage tasks and even impact your physical health.

Retirees

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A recent study investigating the impact of state-specific differences in Medicaid provision has found that screening rates for breast, cervical and colorectal cancer could be affected by certain state-specific reimbursement and eligibility policies. The Medicaid health insurance program for particular low-income individuals funds the medical care of a large proportion of the US population.

Women health

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Two new studies from the UK and Norway have found further evidence to suggest pre-eclampsia and cardiovascular diseases have some common roots. The studies are published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ). One study is by David Williams, Consultant Obstetric Physician at the Institute for Women's Health, Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Obstetric Hospital, University College London, UK, and colleagues and the other is by Elisabeth Balstad Magnussen, Research Fellow at the Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Trondheim, Norway and colleagues.