What is mephedrone and what are its effects?

What is mephedrone and what are its effects?

Mephedrone is a synthetic stimulant, a psychoactive drug that temporarily enhances mental function, physical function, or both.

It is also called 4-methylmethcathinone (4-MMC), or 4-methylephedrone.

It should not be confused with methadone, which is a totally different substance.

Street names for mephedrone include meph, MCAT, bubbles, and drone. Street names include miaow, meow-meow, white magic and M-smack.

Mephedrone is considered a recreational drug. This means that people use it occasionally for enjoyment, without having a medical justification for its psychoactive effects.

What kind of a drug is mephedrone?

Mephedrone is an illegal recreational drug.

Mephedrone is a psychoactive drug. Psychoactive drugs produce distinctive emotional and social effects. The effects of mephedrone are similar to those of Ecstasy (MDMA). It is an amphetamine and a cathinone.

A study published in the British Journal of Pharmacology suggests that mephedrone use involves similar effects and hazards to MDMA, but that the negative effects are potentially more severe.

According to the Lucida website, "People who treat mephedrone as an MDMA substitute subject themselves to serious potential negative consequences," including intense withdrawal symptoms and a higher chance of physical dependence.

An amphetamine is a drug that stimulates the central nervous system (CNS). It can be physically and psychologically addictive if it is used too much.

Cathinone is a naturally occurring stimulant found in the Khat plant of East Africa. Its structure and effects are similar to those of ephedrine and amphetamine.

Public health officials are concerned about synthetic cathinones and other types of "new psychoactive substances" (NPS).

An NPS is an unregulated substance that mimics existing drugs. They often have altered chemical structures, because this helps them to avoid becoming illegal.

They are sometimes called "legal highs" because the change in chemical means they are no longer illegal. Some countries have adapted their drug laws to moved to make such drugs illegal, regardless of their exact chemical content.

Mephedrone is an artificial substance that is based on the cathinone compounds found in the Khat plant. Users may swallow, snort, or inject mephedrone.

It can come in the form of tablets, capsules, or white powder. Snorting is the most common way of taking the drug.

Why do people use mephedrone?

Users of mephedrone say that it gives a feeling of stimulation, and that it boosts the following functions:

  • Alertness
  • Restlessness
  • Euphoria
  • Excitement
  • The urge to talk
  • Openness
  • Sex drive.

Some say that it makes them feel more confident, talkative, and alert.

Users report that the effects of mephedrone last about an hour before wearing off, and that they are similar to a combination of ecstasy and cocaine.

What is the difference between mephedrone and methadone?

Although their names sound similar, mephedrone and methadone are entirely different.

Methadone is a pharmaceutical medication. It is a synthetic opiate that is used as a very powerful painkiller to treat people who are addicted to heroin. It is a legal substitute for heroin in treatment programs.

It is typically administered to patients in the form of a green liquid at drug treatment clinics.

Mephedrone is a recreational drug that is taken by users who want an effect that resembles amphetamines or ecstasy. Many users believe that its occasional use is not habit-forming, but this has not been proven. Studies suggest that it induces a "binge-like craving."

Unwanted effects of mephedrone?

The U.K. website "Talk to Frank" notes that mephedrone can overstimulate the circulatory and nervous systems, and can lead to seizures. It can also trigger anxiety and paranoia. Anecdotal reports mention severe panic attacks and hallucinations.

The "comedown" from mephedrone can be severe.

A survey of mephedrone users by Mixmag revealed that

  • 67 percent of users experienced hyperhidrosis, or excessive sweating
  • 51 percent experienced headaches
  • 43 percent reported heart palpitations
  • 27 percent experienced nausea
  • 15 percent had blue or cold fingers.

A number of deaths have been linked to its use. According to "Frank," growing numbers of people are injecting the drug. This entails a risk of infection, for example with hepatitis C or HIV, or damage to veins, leading to an abscess, a blood clot, or gangrene.

A loss of memory, insomnia, vertigo, and changes in body temperature have also been reported.

The "comedown" has been associated with depression.

How safe or dangerous is mephedrone?

Unlike many other recreational drugs, such as amphetamines and ecstasy, mephedrone was not first developed as a medicine, but in backstreet laboratories.

It has not been tested on humans. As a result, it is not known what the medium-term, long-term, or many of the short-term effects might be.

In 2011, Les King, the former government drugs adviser for the UK, described mephedrone as "probably as harmful as ecstasy and amphetamines." He added, however, that there was insufficient scientific evidence to support this.

However, users may take larger doses to get the same effect, so it cannot be seen as less harmful.

More scientific research is needed into the effects of mephedrone. Most countries had already banned or restricted its use by 2014.

Is mephedrone addictive?

Experts say it is too early to tell whether the drug is addictive or not, because it has not been in use for long enough to know.

A significant number of users take another dose after the effects start to wear off, which is about an hour. As a result, users may consume more than they intended to, and they may find it hard to stop.

More evidence is needed to determine whether it is addictive.

A short history of mephedrone

The Psychonaut Web Mapping Project is a 2-year European Union funded project that ran from January 2008 to December 2009.

It aimed to develop a web scanning system that would identify and categorize novel recreational drugs and psychoactive compounds, and new trends in drug use based on information available on the Internet.

The drug appears to have first become available in 2007.

In May 2007, French police sent a tablet they assumed to be ecstasy to be analyzed. This was thought to be the first seizure of the drug.

An emergency ban was placed on mephedrone and related substances in the United States in 2011. It is a Schedule 1 controlled substance under Federal law, and it was banned in most states.

The ban was made permanent in the U.S. in July 2012 by the passage of the Synthetic Drug Abuse Prevention Act of 2012 that makes it technically illegal in all states.

The effects of Mkat - Episode 1 (Video Medical And Professional 2020).

Section Issues On Medicine: Psychiatry