What are the signs and symptoms of bronchiectasis (bronchiectasia)?

What are the signs and symptoms of bronchiectasis (bronchiectasia)?

Airway damage that eventually causes bronchiectasis, also known as bronchiectasia, usually starts during childhood. The signs and symptoms, however, are not generally apparent until some time later - months and even years after the patient starts having recurrent lung infections.

A symptom is felt and reported by the patient while a sign is observed by other people, including the doctor. For example, chest pain may be a symptom while dilated pupils may be a sign.

A symptom is something the patient senses and describes, while a sign is something other people, such as the doctor notice. For example, drowsiness may be a symptom while dilated pupils may be a sign.

The most common signs and symptoms of bronchiectasis include:

  • A cough which occurs daily for months, or even years.
  • The cough may get worse when lying on one side.
  • Enormous amounts of sputum (phlegm, spit) are produced daily. This is coughed up and spat out. The sputum may contain mucus, trapped particles, and even pus.
  • The sputum may be foul-smelling.
  • Wheezing.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Clubbing - the flesh under the fingernails and toenails become thicker. The nails curve downward and are shaped like the round part of an upside-down spoon.
  • Abnormal lung sounds (when listened to with a stethoscope).
Later on signs and symptoms may include:
  • Paleness.
  • Weight loss.
  • Children may not grow at a normal rate.
  • Fatigue.
  • Coughing up of blood or bloody mucus.
  • Bluish skin color.
  • Breath odor.
Patients with severe bronchiectasis may eventually develop more serious conditions, such as atelectasis (collapse of part or all of a lung) or respiratory failure, and eventually heart failure.

  • What is Bronchiectasis (Bronchiectasia)?
  • What Are The Causes Of Bronchiectasis (Bronchiectasia)?
  • How Is Bronchiectasis (Bronchiectasia) Diagnosed?
  • What Are The Treatment Options For Bronchiectasis (Bronchiectasia)?

Bronchiectasis - Symptoms, Causes & Treatment (Video Medical And Professional 2020).

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