What are the treatment options for addison's disease (primary adrenal insufficiency)?


What are the treatment options for addison's disease (primary adrenal insufficiency)?

Treatment for Addison's disease usually involves corticosteroid replacement therapy for life. The corticosteroid medication, which is taken orally (by mouth), replaces the cortisol and aldosterone the body is not producing.

  • Hydrocortisone tablets replace the missing cortisol.
  • Prednisolone or dexamethasone may also be prescribed (less commonly).
  • Fludrocortisone may be prescribed for the missing aldosterone.
  • Sometimes dehydroepiandrosterone may be prescribed if there is androgen (male sex hormone) deficiency.

What Is Addison's Disease?

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Addison's Disease?

What Are The Causes Of Addison's Disease?

Diagnosing Addison's Disease

What Are The Treatment Options For Addison's Disease?

Caution must be exercised when the person with Addison's disease becomes unwell, has surgery or becomes pregnant. During times of stress, injury or infection medication may need to be increased.

If the patient is ill with vomit the medications may need to be injected.

The patient may also have to add extra salt to his/her daily diet.

Adrenal crisis (Addisonian crisis) - this is a life-threatening situation in which blood pressure and blood glucose levels are dangerously low and potassium levels are high. The patient will require emergency medical treatment, which usually involves intravenous injections of:

  • Hydrocortisone
  • Saline solution
  • Sugar (dextrose).
Medical Alert Bracelet/necklace - the National Health Service (NHS), UK, advises patients to wear a medical alert bracelet or necklace that informs health care professionals that they have Addison's disease. Addison's disease patients do not produce enough cortisol when they have an accident or serious injury - medical staff need to know what medication the individual immediately requires (cortisol).

  • What Is Addison's Disease?
  • What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Addison's Disease?
  • What Are The Causes Of Addison's Disease?
  • Diagnosing Addison's Disease
  • What Are The Treatment Options For Addison's Disease?

Adrenal Insufficiency - Signs, symptoms and treatment options (Video Medical And Professional 2020).

Section Issues On Medicine: Medical practice