Mathematical modeling may help leukemia therapy

Mathematical modeling may help leukemia therapy

A study published in the open-access journal PLoS Computational Biology demonstrates how sophisticated mathematical modeling has encouraged the development of an optimally-timed vaccine for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).

Researchers Doron Levy (University of Maryland), Peter P. Lee (Stanford University), and Peter S. Kim (École Supérieure d'Électricité, Gif-sur-Yvette, France) collected data over four years from CML patients who were receiving therapy with the drug imatinib. They then developed a mathematical model that uses a patient's natural anti-leukemia response when treated with imatinib to improve leukemia treatment.

"By combining novel biological data and mathematical modeling, we found rules for designing adaptive treatments for each specific patient," remarked Professor Doron Levy. "Give me a thousand patients and, with this mathematical model, I can give you a thousand different customized treatment plans."

Levy indicates that it is both the drug and the body's natural immune response that are responsible for leukemia remission. "After starting imatinib, the anti-leukemia immune response gradually increases. However, it begins to weaken after it reaches a peak. This typically happens well into the treatment."

When this weakening occurs, cancer cells can begin to develop resistance to the drug, and the therapy cab become ineffective. It is at this point that the immune system needs to be strengthened, and the authors suggest irradiated pre-therapy blood should be introduced into the patient. The researchers maintain that further studies are necessary and should lead to animal models and clinical trials.

Dynamics and Potential Impact of the Immune Response to Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

Kim PS, Lee PP, Levy D

PLoS Computational Biology . 4(6):e1000095.


Click Here to View Article

About PLoS Computational Biology

PLoS Computational Biology ( features works of exceptional significance that further our understanding of living systems at all scales through the application of computational methods. All works published in PLoS Computational Biology are open access. Everything is immediately available subject only to the condition that the original authorship and source are properly attributed. Copyright is retained by the authors. The Public Library of Science uses the Creative Commons Attribution License.

About the Public Library of Science

The Public Library of Science (PLoS) is a non-profit organization of scientists and physicians committed to making the world's scientific and medical literature a freely available public resource. For more information, visit //

A Mathematical Model for the Effect of Anti-angiogenic Therapy in the Treatment of Cancer Tumou... (Video Medical And Professional 2020).

Section Issues On Medicine: Medical practice